Thursday, April 10, 2014

Autism - Complex Disorders of Brain Development in Children

by kirti S

Autism is a lifelong developmental disorder in children that prevents natural growth and affects their communication in early stage. Usually it is noticed in children at the age of 3. In its characteristics, it includes communication deficiency, stereotyped behavior, poor mutual social interactions and restricted interests. And, these deficits occur at different levels of severity known as Autism Spectrum Disorder and Autistic Disorder. Mainly, the child cause delays in social interaction, imaginative play, the languages used to speak or get emotionally activated by every normal functions happening around them. 

Common signs of Autism
Initially, a child with ASD may appear to develop and grow normally but, after sometime try to be away and become indifferent to social engagement and get together. They fail to respond to their personal things, names and moreover avoid eye contact with the people around them. They feel a lot of difficulty in understanding tone, facial expressions and other social cues with appropriate behavior. Most of the children with ADS engage themselves in repetitive movements like rocking, self abusive behavior like biting off, head banging and twirling. Their way of speaking is not normal as they start speaking later than normal children.
In another way, it is the same to traumatic brain injury in children. When a certain traumatic brain injury is caused to different parts of the brain then the children suffer from these descriptions of autism and dyspraxia who needs a brain injury cure. There is difficulty in concentration, excessive sleepiness, emotional outbursts and irritability which are similar to autism symptoms. 
How is autism diagnosed in a child? 
This disorder is different in severity and symptoms and may sometimes go unrecognized, mainly in mildly affected children. It needs to be evaluated with these indicators in child who need help and it includes:

  •  No babbling by age 1
  •  Do not responds to name and call
  •  No uttering of single words or two phrases at 16 months
  •  Loss of social skills or language
  •  Poor eye contact.
  •  Excessive lining up of objects or toys and
  •  Lack of reaction to any emotions or feelings

How is it treated?
Therapies, counseling and behavioral interventions are used as remedy for specific symptoms which tends to bring substantial improvement in children. Most health care experts are with the opinion that the earlier involvement of therapies and treatment for brain injury cure and autism may bring better changes in a slow way in this disorder. Whatever the treatment is, it is important to stay focused, consistent and relentless.
Is autism related to brain injury cure?
As autism and brain injury are related to cognitive functions of children, then there are more common effects in them. The more severe is the brain injury the more memory loss is seen in victims. And, to the point there is no brain injury cure as day by day the symptoms might get worsen.